Among the old clay structures, in the center of the capital of Uzbekistan, from where the Great Silk Road passed, is the Hasti-Imam complex.
The history of the complex begins in 903, when the great scholar, holy figure and expert of the Quran Hazrati Imam (Abu Bakr Muhammad Kaffal Shashi), also known as the master Qaffal, was born in the family of an ordinary artisan. Traveling around the world, Hazrati Imam promoted faith in Islam; he was a follower of the popular Islamists, Muhammad at-Termizi and Imam al-Bukhari. After death in 975/76, the burial place of Hazrati Imam was revered throughout the world as sacred. Only after 600 years in the 16th century, the mausoleum of Kaffalb Shashi was erected over the grave.
At the same time, the Barak Khan Madrasa, which is the supreme educational organization of the Muslims of Uzbekistan from 1950 to 2007, was built next to the mausoleum. The madrasah was erected on the orders of Navruz Ahmadkhan, nicknamed "Barakhan". There was erected a mausoleum to the first governor of Tashkent - Suyudzhinikhan, as well as the “Nameless” mausoleum, which was intended for Barakhan.
Around the middle of the 16th century, another Muyi Muborak madrasa entered the complex. Here are handwritten books and the Koran Osman (7th century) - one of the most ancient manuscripts in the world, including 353 parchment sheets. This place is a sacred point and heritage of all Islamist believers. The Qur'an Osman - also known as the Qur'an of Uthman, a manuscript draped with the blood of the third caliph - Uthman. A truly sacred and revered book by all Muslims, thanks to this, thousands of pilgrims from many countries gather in Tashkent every year.
The complex was enriched by another structure - the mosque "Tilla-Sheikh" (Golden Sheikh). The building was built in the 18th century, one of the rich Tashkent has invested in its construction. The dimensions of the mosque were small, despite this even in those days, the building was considered the main among all the others. Now it consists of two mihrabi and functions on all days except Friday.
At a time when Tashkent was an independent state, its ruler was the son of Sheykhantaur khakim - Yunuskhoja. He made a lot of contributions to his country, expanded agriculture and started production. The economy and standard of living of the state has increased significantly and gained freedom. This caused anxiety in the Kokand Khan - Alimkhan, as a result of which, after the death of the governor of Tashkent, he manages to conquer Tashkent. Being far from home, with an army of many thousands, Alimkhan has to issue a decree on the construction of the Namazgah mosque. The architect Khoja Iskhak built a mosque in 1867. At that time it was the largest structure, here prayers were read and large holy holidays were arranged. After the death of the architect, his burial will be located in the Namazgah mosque. In 1971, the Imam Al-Bukhari Islamic Institute will be built at the same place, which even today continues to promote the culture and faith of Muslim peoples.
In 2007, a large Hazrati Imam Mosque was built. The interior and design, which were made in the eastern image. At the entrance, a square with a rifled ornament, with a pair of blue domes, brightly lit by the sun of the capital, immediately rushes to the eyes of visitors. The domes inside were decorated with gilded patterns. The building is designed in such a way that at any time of the day, the sun constantly fell inside the mosque. The architectural structure is distinguished by its scale, and thanks to this, 10 thousand pilgrims can read the prayer at the same time.
Today, the architectural ensemble is a huge park with a total area of 2 hectares with exotic flora and fauna neatly planted in the territory. The square includes: the Kaffalb Shashi mausoleum, the Muyi Muborak madrasa, the Tilla-Sheikh and Namazgoh mosques, and the Barak Khan madrasah. In the warm autumn or in the summer, it is possible to notice the storks walking freely in the park. In the evening, the buildings are illuminated with the help of specialized equipment, which makes it possible to feel yourself in the world of Eastern fairy tales.
Not far from the square, there is the Chorsu market, which dates back to the 16th century and is closely connected with the history of the Uzbek people. It sells blacksmiths, silks, jewelery and all sorts of products. Walking through the bazaar you can feel how you become familiar with the culture and traditions of the people of Uzbekistan. Above the market was erected a blue dome, as in many sights of our great country.