Independence Square Tashkent is one of the oldest cities in Central Asia, as evidenced by the architecture, built in different eras. In this article we will talk about one of the sights of Tashkent - about the Mustakillik Maydoni Square.
The history of the creation of the square dates back to the mid-19th century, it was then, in 1865, that construction began. The place of construction was the place where at that time the palace of the Turkestan governor-general called the White House was located and the Anchor channel flows.
The area throughout history was often renamed, at the very beginning because of the construction of the Cathedral of the “Transfiguration of the Savior”, the name “Cathedral Square” stuck to it. After the liquidation of the cathedral, the central square of Tashkent was renamed “Red Square” - it happened in the 30s of the last century, after that, it was once again renamed “Square named after VI. Lenin ". In 1966, a powerful earthquake occurred, after which the area was reconstructed. The name “Mustakillik Maidoni” was given to the square after Uzbekistan gained independence in 1991.
In the very center of the Mustakillik Maydoni you can see 16 columns made of white marble 150 meters long. Together, they represent an incredible ensemble called "Ezgulik" (translated into Russian sounds like an "arch of good and noble aspirations"). At the top of the architectural structure are storks that personify peace and tranquility. In addition, on the square there is a huge fountain, the jets of which reach 7 meters in height. Behind the fountain and pillars begins the path “Ok Yul”, which means “Happy Way”, which leads to the Independence Monument itself, where we can see figures of a woman, 6 meters high, with a baby, 3.5 meters long. The creators of this work, entitled “Monument to the Happy Mother,” are considered Ilkhom and Kamol Jabbarov.
The area covers an area of 12 hectares, here are the main public institutions of the country: ministries, departments, the Senate and others.