The Ulugbek Observatory is one of the unique creations of man, which was built in Samarkand during the reign of Ulugbek, the grandson of the great Amir Temur.
From an early age, the boy showed a special desire to study various sciences, his teachers were outstanding people of that time. He often traveled with his grandfather, and on one trip, he encountered an unusual building that caught his attention, it was an observatory. Apparently, this moment was a turning point in the life of the young Ulugbek, who later built a grand structure.
While still young, he has to try on the role of ruler, and since that time, he begins to transform all the reality of all his ideas. His mentor helped him in the construction of the observatory, and construction began in 1420 and lasted for three years. After the building was completed, the installation of the necessary equipment was going on for a long period. These cases involved Jemshid Kashi, who at that time was a recognizable scientist.
Despite the fact that this object is a historical heritage of architecture, astronomers occupied a huge role in its development, since the object itself is an excellent tool for exploring space, using unique methods. Even despite the excessive workload, Ulugbek found free time and completely his work at the observatory, tried to be involved in all the research and helped scientists in their endeavors.
The leader of this complex for ten years since its inception was Jamshid Kashi. During his leadership, enormous results were achieved in the study of cosmic bodies and a large number of scientific works were carried out. After his death, his place is occupied by Kazy-zade Rumi, but his activity does not last long, since he is already very old at that time, as a result, there is not enough time for Ulugbek’s observatory. He even takes a desperate step to publish all the studies in an unfinished form and stop all work, but Ali Kushchi, who was a young employee at the observatory, helps him out, he succeeds in convincing the ruler and the complex continues to work with new force.
As in all states, there were those who did not share the hobby of the ruler for science, although the ruler Ulugbek was fair. The result was a conspiracy, after which the ruler was killed. The date of his death is 1449. Despite his death, the complex continued its work for another twenty years.
But, then scientists began to pursue, and many young scientists had to leave Samarkand. Ali Kushchi did the same with his students. They went to Herat, where at that time was one of the greatest people in the east, Alisher Navoi. After that, a proposal for Ali Kushchi was received from Istanbul, and it was there that he completed all the work and published all the collected material. It should be noted that the scientific work of the ruler of Samarkand (Ulugbek) for a long period of time was incredibly original, in Europe they were able to achieve results of this kind only in the 17th century.
The architectural complex was empty for a long time, and in the 16th century it was even slightly disassembled. In the 20th century, the location of the historical object was found, and the only thing that came to us was an interesting device, with a radius of 40.2 meters, which was used to study space bodies. Now, a museum is functioning near the observatory, where various fragments of the observatory’s activities during the reign of Ulugbek are collected.