One of the main attractions of the city of Bukhara, is a building 47 meters high, made of burnt bricks and built in the 12th century. It is worth noting that at a height of 47 meters, the foundation of the tower goes 10 meters deep into the earth. The diameter of the building below is 9 meters, and in the upper part is 6 meters, inside it there is a spiral staircase that leads to the very peak of the building. Some sources mention that at the site of the existing minaret, namely before the beginning of its construction, there was another tower, which was much lower and subsequently it collapsed and fell. After that, it was decided to rebuild the new minaret.
When creating this complex, 12 belts with different patterns were used, each of which was distinguished by an original pattern. At the moment of the 12 there are only three left, namely, indicating the time when the building was built, the name of the ruler and the builder. The ruler at the time of the construction of the minaret was Arsankhan, the minaret was completely built in 1127 by the architect Usto Bako. It is worth noting that the architect himself is buried near the tower itself. Sources say that Bako said: “If the minaret falls, then let it fall on my head,” for this reason he bequeathed to be buried near the minaret, in the place indicated to them, exactly 45 meters from the architectural monument.
As we can see, the historical structure has been preserved to this day, which indicates that the architect approached his work very seriously and did his job conscientiously. This structure can be seen absolutely from anywhere in the city. The main purpose of the minaret was to convene all the inhabitants for prayer, in addition to this it was used as a beacon so that caravans going through the desert would not go astray and not get lost.
In addition, due to the height of the building, an excellent panorama opened up before the people, which made it possible to see the approach of hostile forces long before their approach to Bukhara.
According to legend, when Chingizkhan attacked the city and most of the city was destroyed, and he reached the minaret and decided to look at the entire structure. But, looking up, his headdress flew down, the formidable commander bowed and lifted him. After that, he said: “I have never worshiped anyone. But, this building is so gorgeous that it deserves a bow. ” Thus, this structure remained unharmed, and came to us.
Today, tourists climb hundreds of steps every day to admire the enchanting landscape of the magnificent city. In addition, it is worth mentioning that over the course of the 20th century, the historical monument was restored several times.
For example, at the very beginning of the 20s (1924), work was carried out on the repair of mukarnasy (a cell vault - it is an interlacing of rhombic faceted and pyramidal depressions, resembling bee cells in its pattern) and some part of the minaret wall.
Years later in 1960, work was done to strengthen the base of the tower, where its foundation is located. Ochil Bobomurodov was engaged in repairing the underground part of the minaret. In honor of the 2500th anniversary of the city, the best masters of the country in 1997 carried out major repairs to the minaret. After that, minor repairs were also carried out in other years.