The historic monument Gur-Emir was built at the beginning of the 15th century and is the magnificent creation of Oriental architecture. Initially, the madrasah was intended to train wealthy children from the city nobility, in addition, the khanaka was located opposite the building (at first it was shelters for dervishes / vagrants), over time they became real complexes that were beautifully decorated and thought out, various meetings were held there various social structures).
The construction of the buildings was initiated by Muhammad Sultan, who wanted to create an educational Islamic center. As a result of the sudden death of Muhammad, the complex never received its purpose. Amir Temur grieved greatly about his grandson and gave an order to erect the mausoleum in order to complete the ensemble on the south side and place the remains of Muhammad Sultan in the madrasah hall.
Unfortunately, Amir Temur did not find the end of the construction of the mausoleum, his life ended in 1405. The case was completed by Ulugbek, who was also his grandson. Despite the fact that the tomb was already prepared for Amir Temur in Shahrisabz, he was buried in Gur-Emir, where Temur's descendants were later buried.
Gur-Emir became the starting point for the creation of other architectural monuments of the Taj Mahal and the Humayun mausoleum, which were built during the era of the Great Mogul rule, descendants of Amir Temur, who ruled Northern India. Contemporaries are still admiringly appreciate the mastery of medieval architecture, the riot of colors and interior design.