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City "Ming Urik"

In the center of Tashkent city, near Amir Timur Square, the remains of the Mig-Urik site are located. The monument was part of the city of Chach and has very ancient roots. The area of ​​this structure is 35 hectares, and it is located on the radiation of the channel Salar.


In VI - VII centuries AD on the territory of the city of Tashkent, a whole knot was formed of four cities and up to twenty castles. The central point was the capital Madinat ash-Shash, the ruins of which will be explored in the site of ancient settlement Ming Urik.

In the VII-VIII centuries, in the territory of present-day Tashkent, there was an active construction, after which the region was called the “country of a thousand cities”, and the city in Ming-Urik reached its peak. It included the fortress-citadel and the city of Shahristan. The citadel was enclosed by stepped rectangular towers, the walls were made of thick pahsa and mud brick. Next to the citadel on the ruins of the ancient temple of the sun-worshipers, the official palace of the rulers was built, which indicates the capital status of the city. Ascended to the top of the hillock, he ruled over the whole city.


The palace consisted of a mass of premises, including the main hall and wide corridors, living rooms and storages. It also cleared a cult complex with a sanctuary of fire. Fate cruelly dealt with this building. The fire and the late restructuring almost completely destroyed its decoration. Only insignificant traces indicate that the walls were decorated with multi-colored paintings, the plots of which reflected the lives of nobility and kings, epic scenes and religious ceremonies similar to those that were discovered by archaeologists at the site Afrosiab under Samarkand. The study of this structure at Ming Urik and other territories of Tashkent convinces that the oasis belonged to the distribution area of ​​Sogdian culture, which is considered in science as the highest standard of the cultural achievements of Central Asia in the pre-Arab era.


The palace complex was erected on the remnants of the walls and floors of the room of the preceding time. Like other palaces of Movarounnahr, Ming Urik is located in close proximity to the citadel. Built on a hill, the palace, like the citadel, dominated Shahristan, was the dominant city education.

Shahristan had a dense building, its territory is about 7.5 hectares. In Shahristan were monumental houses and craft workshops. Since VII century AD. a new coinage is known and there is reason to associate it with the place of issue in Chach, at Ming Urik. Traces of pottery and metalworking crafts were found on its territory. Ceramic finds were insignificant, but quite expressive.


In addition to ceramics, iron objects, terracotta figurines and toys were found. Weaving craftsmanship reached a high development during this period. Under Tashkent, gold, silver and copper were mined.

Chach and Sogd from ancient times were the largest agricultural regions. On the border of two worlds complex relationships evolved. They were accompanied by open hostile actions, but more often by close trade and economic ties. During this period, the political position of Chach is quite stable. Its representatives, along with the ambassadors and trade guests of other regions, came to the court of the Sogdian ruler. This is traced in one of the subjects of the wall-painting of the palace of the VII-VIII centuries. on Afrosiab, where Ambassador Chacha is depicted among embassies from other areas. Ming Urik is considered the habitat of the legendary ruler of Turan - Afrasiab.

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