Uzbekistan is a country with an extraordinary history, here are a great many secrets left from ancient times. The climate is warm, people are always welcome, and architectural monuments are pleasing to the eye and amaze with their history. Surround this splendor, mountain ranges, reaching in some places up to 4,600 meters high. Nature is rich in different types of flora and fauna, saturated with ponds and rivers.
About 600 km from Tashkent, in the Surkhandarya region is the Baysun district. This area is notable for not as high mountains as people inhabited it and, of course, stunning landscapes.
Gissar-Alai is a mountain range with a length of about a thousand kilometers from Kyrgyzstan to Turkmenistan and a connecting mountain of the Pamirs, Tien Shan and the Turkmen Kopetdag. The highest peaks of Gissar-Alay are located in the north of Tajikistan, these are the Fann Mountains and Matcha. The Yakkabag Range with Lyangar is propped up by Gissaro-Alay from the side of Kashkadarya, and Baysuntau from the side of Surkhandarya. This whole area, standing over ancient Sogdiana and Bactria, is striking in its landscape, and the people here, “straightforward”, are the name of this area, Baysun (tribe of straightforward).
According to legend, Alexander the Great or Iskander, passing through Baysun, left wounded warriors on these lands. When he returned from the conquered Sogdiana, the warriors were completely healthy. They say this is the power of healing sources "Omonhona." The unique properties of the water flowing from the source according to the belief of the locals is healing in nature and it is capable of treating many diseases of the liver, stomach including hepatitis and cirrhosis.
Baysun is famous not only for health-improving sources, but also for the Kyzyl-canyon, a thousand-year-old plane tree with a door and a room, a "gravitational anomaly" on Sangardak, the border Kushan wall, the Greco-Macedonian fortress Kurganzol, the Pekonkurgan Kushan fortress and many other objects that are what, are not known to us.
The mountain of Khoja Gur Gur Ota (the father of all caves) rises above Baysun, it is 3,720 meters above sea level. It is noticeable, with its unusual shape in the form of a huge wall 5 km long and more than 300m high. It is worth seeing once, this natural creation is near and you will never forget this stunning view.
At the foot of Baysuntau from time immemorial, pagans lived first, and later Zoroastrianisms, bactras, which for thousands of years had become Muslim Tajiks, and on them lay upon layer lay alien peoples. From each of these peoples, something remained — a small wandering tribe, fairy tales or legends, motifs of folk patterns, shapes of dwellings and looms. In the 16th century, Kungrad came here - the descendants of a powerful Mongolian tribe who settled throughout Central Asia and entered into each of its Turkic peoples. The Uzbeks-kungrad lived in Khorezm here as well, and although they were not directly related, they knew about each other — this is how the legend spread about the “country of straightforward people”, that is, honest, sincere and fair people, lost in the mountains "for Bukhara" the birthplace of the epic hero Alpamys.
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